What is Ceramic and Porcelain Tile?

What is Ceramic and Porcelain Tile?

Ceramic tile is a man-made material fired in large ovens or “kilns” as they’re known. Porcelain tile is also man-made using a dust-pressed method, which makes it very dense and harder than ceramic tile. Ceramic and Porcelain tile has proven to be one of the most durable and plentiful flooring options available for centuries. Ceramic tile is available in a veritable rainbow of colors along with contrasting insets and borders that allows one to create a unique, custom look.

Advantages of choosing Ceramic:

Ceramic (or non-porcelain tiles) are generally made using red or white clay fired in a specialized over or kiln as previously stated. They are almost always veneered with a durable glaze, which carries the desired color and pattern throughout. These tiles are generally used in both wall tile and floor tile applications and are softer and easier to cut than porcelain. Non-porcelain ceramic tiles are usually applied in areas with very light to moderate traffic. Ceramic tiles generally have a comparatively high water absorption rate that makes them less resistant to cold temperatures so they can be more prone to wear, tear and chipping than porcelain tiles.

Advantages of choosing Porcelain:

Porcelain tile is a tile that is generally made using the dust pressed method created in ancient times from light-colored porcelain clays which results in a tile that is extremely dense, wear resistant, finely grained and smooth-textured. Porcelain tiles are also usually much more moisture impermeable than Ceramic tiles because they contain only a little iron oxide making them more glass-like in composition. Glazing porcelain tiles makes them stronger, more wear and damage resistant than non-porcelain ceramic tiles, and makes them more fitting for applications from light to the heaviest residential traffic as well as light commercial traffic. Full body porcelain tiles incorporate the color and pattern throughout the entire depth of the tile making them virtually invulnerable to wear and are appropriate for any purpose from residential to the highest trafficked commercial or industrial areas. Porcelain tiles are available in matte, glazed or a high polished finish.